4 mandatory tests

The complex research combines 4 tests that are mandatory for hospitalization, registration, transfer from / to a medical institution, obtaining a health book, employment, etc. Tests can detect diseases transmitted through medical procedures or sexually: HIV, hepatitis B and C, syphilis. In case of anonymous delivery of this survey, passport data are not required (Name and Surname).

HIV infection is a slowly progressing disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The virus affects the immune system cells that have on their surface CD4 receptors: T-helpers, monocytes, macrophages, Langerhans cells, dendritic cells, microglial cells. As a result, the work of the immune system is inhibits, the syndrome of acquired immune deficiency (AIDS) develops, the patient’s body loses the ability to protect itself from infections and tumors, secondary opportunistic diseases appear, which are not typical for people with normal immune status.

Hepatitis B is an anthroponous viral disease caused by an agent with expressed hepatotropic properties – hepatitis B virus (in the special literature it can be called “HBV virus”, HBV) from the family of hepadnaviruses. The virus is extremely resistant to various physical and chemical factors: low and high temperatures (including boiling), repeated freezing and thawing, prolonged exposure to acidic environment. In the external environment at room temperature the hepatitis B virus can persist for up to several weeks: even in a dry and inconspicuous blood spot, on the razor blade, the tip of the needle. In the blood serum at a temperature of + 30 ° C the infectivity of the virus persists for 6 months, at a temperature of -20 ° C about 15 years; in dry plasma – 25 years. It inactivates during autoclaving for 30 minutes, dry heat sterilization at 160 ° C for 60 minutes, warming at 60 ° C for 10 hours.

Hepatitis C is an anthroponous viral disease with parenteral and instrumental ways of infection. Infection is also possible through damaged skin and mucous membranes, the most dangerous transmission factor is blood. Often occurs in the form of posttransfusion hepatitis with a predominance of anicteric forms and is prone to chronic infection. Hepatitis C is called a “gentle killer” because of the ability to mask the true cause under the guise of a variety of other diseases.

 

Syphilis is a chronic systemic venereal infectious disease which causes damage to the skin, mucous membranes, internal organs, bones, nervous system with a change in the stages of the disease caused by bacteria of the species Treponema pallidum (pale treponema). Syphilis is transmitted mainly through sexual contact, which is why it belongs to a group of sexually transmitted diseases, or STIs (sexually transmitted infections). However, syphilis can also be transmitted through the blood, for example, by transfusion of blood from a donor infected with syphilis, or from injecting drug users using common syringes and / or containers for drug solutions, or at home using a common “bloody” instrument such as toothbrushes or razors.

  1. “4 mandatory tests” test package
  • HIV (HIV 1/2 type)
  • Hepatitis C (antibodies to HCV IgM + IgG)
  • Hepatitis B (HbsAg surface antigen)
  • Syphilis (antibodies to Treponema pallidum Ig M + Ig G)
  1. “4 mandatory tests, express test” test package (1 hour)
  • HIV (HIV 1/2 type)
  • Hepatitis C (antibodies to HCV IgM + IgG)
  • Hepatitis B (HbsAg surface antigen)
  • Syphilis (antibodies to Treponema pallidum Ig M + Ig G)